In the 1960s, Prof. Ephraim Katzir developed a method for binding enzymes to a variety of insoluble carriers. Enzymes speed up many chemical processes, and the binding enables them to be reused time and again.
Immobilized enzymes have become an important tool in the pharmaceutical industry. Among other things, they are used to manufacture penicillin and other antibiotics. They also form the basis of various processes in the food industry, for example in the production of fructose-enriched syrup.